A highly unusual B.C. court case serves as a reminder to have a clear will in place before your death.
Mr. T. died suddenly in October 2018. Shortly afterward, his wife (Mrs. T) brought a petition under the Assisted Human Reproduction Act (AHRA) to have Mr. T’s sperm removed from his body and stored at an in vitro fertilization clinic.
Mr. T had no will and provided no written consent for such removal prior to his death.
Initially, the judge in the case made an order to preserve Mr. T’s sperm so the parties could make full submissions on the most important part of what Mrs. T sought in her petition: whether she could use Mr. T’s reproductive material to create an embryo for reproductive use by her.
Before Mr. T. died, he and his wife had recently had their first child and the evidence was accepted that they planned on having more. However, this was not enough for the court to order that Mr. T’s sperm could be used for reproduction without his consent.
Mrs. T tried to rely on implied consent and/or provincial legislation providing for inferred or substituted consent in cases of incapacity. However, the court did not find such an argument of assistance.
The court instead found that legislation was paramount and it was not open for the court to rely on the common law where it directly contradicts or is qualified by clear and unequivocal legislative language.
Mrs. T’s situation is a tragic one. Not only did she lose her husband and partner, but she lost the ability to have children with him, despite the fact that such procreation was clearly contemplated by Mrs. T’s late husband.
The problem with the law here is that it was not flexible enough to allow for a common sense determination of this important issue. Unfortunately, waiting for legislators to catch up to the real world is a lesson in extreme patience.
Many businesses have been forced to close, limit their hours, or reduce their capacity. Despite a vaccine, the economic impact will likely continue, particularly in the face of new strains of the virus.
On January 28, 2021, the Ontario Superior Court addressed “inadequacies in current legal responses to internet defamation and harassment” by creating a new tort of internet harassment and cyber bullying.
While the global pandemic has been incredibly disruptive, the Court is embracing these changes and the legal community is using the tools available to move matters through the court system despite challenges.